خانه » ارسال ایمیل از طریق لاراول
ارسال ایمیل توسط لاراول
ارسال ایمیل توسط لاراول
آموزش PHP & MySQL

ارسال ایمیل از طریق لاراول

لاراول از کتابخانه SwiftMailer برای ارسال ایمیل‌هاش استفاده می‌کنه.

برای ارسال ایمیل ابتدا تنظیمات لازم را در فایل config/mail.php انجام می‌دهیم:

<?php
 
return [
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Mail Driver
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Laravel supports both SMTP and PHP's "mail" function as drivers for the
    | sending of e-mail. You may specify which one you're using throughout
    | your application here. By default, Laravel is setup for SMTP mail.
    |
    | Supported: "smtp", "sendmail", "mailgun", "mandrill", "ses",
    |            "sparkpost", "log", "array"
    |
    */
 
    'driver' => env('MAIL_DRIVER', 'sendmail'),
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Host Address
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Here you may provide the host address of the SMTP server used by your
    | applications. A default option is provided that is compatible with
    | the Mailgun mail service which will provide reliable deliveries.
    |
    */
 
    'host' => env('MAIL_HOST', 'smtp.mailgun.org'),
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Host Port
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | This is the SMTP port used by your application to deliver e-mails to
    | users of the application. Like the host we have set this value to
    | stay compatible with the Mailgun e-mail application by default.
    |
    */
 
    'port' => env('MAIL_PORT', 587),
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Global "From" Address
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | You may wish for all e-mails sent by your application to be sent from
    | the same address. Here, you may specify a name and address that is
    | used globally for all e-mails that are sent by your application.
    |
    */
 
    'from' => [
        'address' => env('MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS', '[email protected]'),
        'name' => env('MAIL_FROM_NAME', 'Example'),
    ],
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | E-Mail Encryption Protocol
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Here you may specify the encryption protocol that should be used when
    | the application send e-mail messages. A sensible default using the
    | transport layer security protocol should provide great security.
    |
    */
 
    'encryption' => env('MAIL_ENCRYPTION', 'tls'),
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | SMTP Server Username
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | If your SMTP server requires a username for authentication, you should
    | set it here. This will get used to authenticate with your server on
    | connection. You may also set the "password" value below this one.
    |
    */
 
    'username' => env('MAIL_USERNAME'),
 
    'password' => env('MAIL_PASSWORD'),
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Sendmail System Path
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | When using the "sendmail" driver to send e-mails, we will need to know
    | the path to where Sendmail lives on this server. A default path has
    | been provided here, which will work well on most of your systems.
    |
    */
 
    'sendmail' => '/usr/sbin/sendmail -bs',
 
    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Markdown Mail Settings
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | If you are using Markdown based email rendering, you may configure your
    | theme and component paths here, allowing you to customize the design
    | of the emails. Or, you may simply stick with the Laravel defaults!
    |
    */
 
    'markdown' => [
        'theme' => 'default',
 
        'paths' => [
            resource_path('views/vendor/mail'),
        ],
    ],
 
];

که اکثر تنظیماتش از .env میخونه.

حالا در ترمینال کد زیر را میزنیم:

php artisan make:mail DemoEmail

یه فایل داخل app/Mail به اسم DemoEmail ساخته میشه.

فایل رو باز می‌کنیم و اطلاعات زیر رو توش میزاریم:

<?php
 
namespace App\Mail;
 
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
 
class DemoEmail extends Mailable
{
    use Queueable, SerializesModels;
     
    /**
     * The demo object instance.
     *
     * @var Demo
     */
    public $demo;
 
    /**
     * Create a new message instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct($demo)
    {
        $this->demo = $demo;
    }
 
    /**
     * Build the message.
     *
     * @return $this
     */
    public function build()
    {
        return $this->from('[email protected]')
                    ->view('mails.demo')
                    ->text('mails.demo_plain')
                    ->with(
                      [
                            'testVarOne' => '1',
                            'testVarTwo' => '2',
                      ])
                      ->attach(public_path('/images').'/demo.jpg', [
                              'as' => 'demo.jpg',
                              'mime' => 'image/jpeg',
                      ]);
    }

حالا فایل resources/views/mails/demo.blade.php را میسازیم و باز می‌کنیم و اطلاعات زیر رو توش میزاریم:

Hello <i>{{ $demo->receiver }}</i>,
<p>This is a demo email for testing purposes! Also, it's the HTML version.</p>
 
<p><u>Demo object values:</u></p>
 
<div>
<p><b>Demo One:</b> {{ $demo->demo_one }}</p>
<p><b>Demo Two:</b> {{ $demo->demo_two }}</p>
</div>
 
<p><u>Values passed by With method:</u></p>
 
<div>
<p><b>testVarOne:</b> {{ $testVarOne }}</p>
<p><b>testVarTwo:</b> {{ $testVarTwo }}</p>
</div>
 
Thank You,
<br/>
<i>{{ $demo->sender }}</i>

و بعد فایل resources/views/mails/demo_plain.blade.php رو میسازیم و باز می‌کنیم:

Hello {{ $demo->receiver }},
This is a demo email for testing purposes! Also, it's the HTML version.
 
Demo object values:
 
Demo One: {{ $demo->demo_one }}
Demo Two: {{ $demo->demo_two }}
 
Values passed by With method:
 
testVarOne: {{ $testVarOne }}
testVarOne: {{ $testVarOne }}
 
Thank You,
{{ $demo->sender }}

حالا فرض می‌کنیم یه کنترل داریم به اسم MailController که از طریق اون میخوایم ارسال رو انجام بدیم:

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
 
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
use App\Mail\DemoEmail;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Mail;
 
class MailController extends Controller
{
    public function send()
    {
        $objDemo = new \stdClass();
        $objDemo->demo_one = 'Demo One Value';
        $objDemo->demo_two = 'Demo Two Value';
        $objDemo->sender = 'SenderUserName';
        $objDemo->receiver = 'ReceiverUserName';
 
        Mail::to("[email protected]")->send(new DemoEmail($objDemo));
    }
}

به همین سادگی 🙂

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